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Traffic & Transportation

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Key Findings

Road Network & Intersections

  • Throughout the entire Study Area, motorists generally experience minor delays at the studied intersections. At some high-traffic intersections, motorists experience longer than average delays in completing specific movements during the morning and afternoon peak hours (e.g., southbound left-turn movement at the Spadina Avenue/Adelaide Street intersection in OLW, the northbound left-turn movement at the Spadina Avenue/King Street West intersection in OLS , and the westbound through movement at the Don Mills Road/Eglinton Avenue intersection in OLN)


  • All transit routes that service the Study Area operate along shared transit and vehicular lanes, except for the Spadina streetcar which operates along an exclusive streetcar facility
  • Within OLW and OLS, transit vehicles generally experience minor delays along the studied corridors and at the studied intersections. However, at some high-traffic intersections, transit vehicles experience notable delays (e.g., Bathurst Street/Fort York Boulevard intersection during the afternoon peak hour in OLW and Queen Street/Yonge Street intersection during the morning peak hour in OLS)
  • Within OLN, transit vehicles generally experience extended delays along the studied corridor and at the studied intersections

Pedestrians & Cyclists

  • Cyclists are accommodated through cycling facilities (e.g., cycle tracks, on-street bike lanes, and shared lanes) provided along Richmond Street, Adelaide Street, Simcoe Street, Peter Street, Strachan Avenue, Spadina Avenue, Sherbourne Street, Shuter Street, Lake Shore Boulevard, Thorncliffe Park Drive, and Beth Nealson Drive
  • Throughout the entire Study Area, pedestrians are generally accommodated through sidewalks provided along most roads but experience long wait times before crossing at many signalized intersections

Spotlight Case

The image above displays the east-west cycle tracks along the north side of Richmond Street West. Cycle tracks are dedicated lanes with physical separation or barrier between bicycles and vehicles which provide cyclists with safe one-way movement. Other notable cycle tracks within the Study Area are: east-west on Adelaide Street West in OLW and OLS, north-south on Sherbourne Street and River Street in OLS, and Millwood Road in OLN. There are more cycle tracks within OLW and OLS compared to OLN, with the cycling infrastructure in OLN mainly associated with multi-use pathways.

Source: O’Neil, L. (2019, January 31). “Toronto’s most popular bike lanes were finally just made permanent.” blogTO. https://www.blogto.com/city/2019/01/torontos-most-popular-bikelanes- were-just-made-permanent/

image of cycle tracks

Cycle Tracks


A Traffic and Transportation assessment using both quantitative and qualitative methods was conducted to establish existing conditions within the Study Area and outline preliminary potential impacts and mitigation measures. The following assessments were conducted:

Road Network and Intersection Analysis

  • Existing road network was examined, including road classification, width, speed limits and signal control;
  • Traffic volumes and operation were assessed using road geometry characteristics, traffic volume data and signal timing plans1.

Transit, Pedestrian and Cycling Networks and Operation

  • Level of Service2 assessment along road segments and signalized intersections.

1 A signal timing plan provides the right-of-way distribution (amount of time allotted for various traffic movements such as left or right turns) at a signalized intersection.

2 Level of service is a mechanism used to determine how well a transportation facility (e.g., bus or cycling lane) is operating from a traveller’s perspective.


Preliminary Potential Impacts & Mitigation Measures for Further Study


Potential Impacts

  • Temporary road/lane closures
  • Access restrictions to local bus routes

Potential Mitigation Measures

  • Traffic Control and Management Plans will be developed prior to construction
  • Access to nearby land uses will be maintained to the extent possible
  • Potential effects to pedestrians and cyclists will be mitigated through installation of appropriate wayfinding, regulatory and warning signage
  • Notifying the public in advance of potential disruptions


Potential Impacts

  • Modifications to local transit routes

Potential Mitigation Measures

  • Notifying the public in advance of potential transit modifications

Future Studies

  • Additional data collection (e.g., Turning Movement Counts) in support of additional intersection analysis will be conducted, if required, and a traffic and transportation impact assessment will be undertaken


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