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Metrolinx, Municipalities, and the Province

Many municipalities in the GTHA have something called Transportation Master Plans (TMPs). Mainly, they focus on transit, roads, walking and cycling. Some consider safety, goods movement and demand management. But the majority of these plans typically focus on the areas within their respective borders. Tying them all together is where the Draft Plan comes in, and will require extended dialogue and collaboration.

The Draft Plan builds on municipal TMPs and integrates them into a more coherent and logical plan for the whole region.

While governments have significantly increased their support for transit over the last decade, more needs to be done — especially in key areas like fare and service integration, which requires plenty of coordination, and policies that consider the region as a whole.

The scale of growth anticipated in the GTHA – a 41% increase in population between 2016 and 2041 – demands a new level of cooperation and collaboration among the Province, municipalities, transit agencies, the private sector, and residents.

Metrolinx is in a unique position bring it all together — working with all our regional partners to plan, build, operate and connect transportation in the region. By working with municipal and provincial leadership, the entire region can come together as one. That’s good for travellers.

Funding the Future of Transit, Together

Having proper funding in place, and tying it directly to the priorities set out in the Draft Plan builds financial resilience. The preliminary estimate of capital costs for the Draft Plan is $45 billion over 25 years — that’s in addition to the more than $30 billion that’s already been committed.

It’s needed to fund:

  • Projects in development that are currently in the planning and design phase (estimated at $20 billion) 

  • Investments in other rapid transit infrastructure (estimated at $23 billion)
  • Other infrastructure (such as walking, cycling and station access infrastructure, estimated at $2 billion) 

In addition to the above capital costs, successful implementation also requires operational funding for transit services, fare integration and active transportation programs. 

Implementation of the Draft Plan and operation of the transportation system to 2041 will require continued funding support from all levels of governments – federal, provincial and municipal.

Right now, municipalities have limited tools for funding transit. As the transit system in the GTHA expands and changes, it’s necessary to look for additional approaches.

The Draft Plan begins the conversation about potential user-pay models, including options such as paid parking or tolls, as well as other things that might reduce the burden of transportation costs on the public purse — initiatives that may be further down the road, but which one day may significantly contribute to the creation of a better system. Revenues generated could be reinvested in transportation infrastructure, linking funding to policies that have other benefits — for example, reducing congestion and cleaning the air by encouraging transit, carpooling, walking and cycling.

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