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First and Last Mile


Completing all the transit projects that the Draft Plan proposes will bring quality rapid transit closer to many more people and places. But to really maximize these services, emphasis needs to also be placed on how people access these new stations without depending on their cars. That’s what we call the ‘First and Last Mile.’ After all, at the heart of it, this is about getting people where they want to go, not their vehicles.

Currently, 60% of GO riders drive to get to GO services. That’s not going to be sustainable as GO services expand and grow. We can’t continue to require users to own cars to access transit and leave them unused the whole day. We must think door-to-door, not station-to-station, leaving travelers to figure out the first and last segment of their trip. In our region, the Toronto Transit Commission is a world leader in integrating virtually every bus route to the subway system and making connections easy and seamless. 

Getting around should be convenient, and there are ways we can do better. The GO Rail Station Access Plan (2016) looks at options beyond driving to stations, such as transit, micro-transit, carpooling, walking and cycling to provide direct and convenient access to the platform, not just the station.


First and Last Mile planning is critical when you consider the added pressure that comes with Regional Express Rail (RER) expansion, the number of off-peak train trips quadrupling, ridership increases and population growth. The Draft Plan looks to connect transit stations in the GTHA to key destinations using a range of options — including conventional and micro-transit, carpooling, walking and cycling. Stations will be designed with more than just cars in mind, ensuring that residents can reach them in sustainable ways. That includes ideas like bike storage facilities and other passenger-first initiatives. After all, people are at the heart of transit, not vehicles.

Graphic illustrating the number of people within walking distance of frequent rapid transit in 2011 and 2041

It is not sustainable to rely primarily on travellers driving to transit stations and providing them with free parking. Other solutions are needed.


If we all drive to hubs where we can access rapid transit, we’re missing out on the improvements that will make our communities safer, more environmentally friendly and better connected. First and Last Mile is critical when it comes to connecting the GTHA to new and existing transportation options in an environmentally-friendly way; ones that are easily adoptable for residents. Journeys don’t begin when you first step foot on a bus or train. They begin the moment you leave your home. We need to work together to create meaningful connections — both in the way we choose to move, and the way we plan and build.

Find Out More about First and Last Mile

Check the Draft Plan for more information:

Page 69:
Plan for the First and Last Mile

Page 78:
Expand First and Last Mile choices for all transit stations


What would it take for you to walk, cycle or use transit to get to and from a rapid transit station?